The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body; it joins the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia). The smaller bone that runs alongside the tibia is called fibula and the kneecap (patella) are the other bones that make the knee joint. The knee is an intricate joint with lots of different components, which means there are lots of different types of knee injuries. Some injuries only require simple treatment, whereas other knee injuries might require surgery.
Knee injuries are one of the most commonly sustained injuries. Every year millions of people visit their doctors due to sprains, fractures, ligament tears, and dislocations.
This is because the knee is constantly under pressure from your body. This means that your knee takes the full weight of your body if you twist it and fall. This weight can result in some fairly serious knee injuries, and if you don’t seek treatment for your knee, the injury may get worse.
WHAT CAUSES KNEE PAIN:
General knee pain, which is temporary, is different from chronic knee pain. Chronic knee pain needs special care and attention which is not a cause of an incident unlike temporary knee pain which is a result of accident or any incident. It’s most often the result of several causes or conditions.
Physical conditions or diseases can cause knee pain. These include:
- Osteoarthritis: Pain and joint destruction caused by degeneration and deterioration of the joint.
- Tendinitis: Pain in the front of the knee which will be worse when climbing, taking stairs, or other physical activities.
- Bursitis: Inflammation due to overuse or injury of the knee
- Chondromalacia patella: Damaged cartilage under the kneecap
- Gout: arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid
- Baker’s cyst: a buildup of synovial fluid (fluid that lubricates the joint) behind the knee
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disorder that causes painful swelling and can eventually cause joint deformity and bone erosion
- Dislocation: dislocation of the kneecap most often the result of trauma
- Meniscus Tear: a rupture in the cartilage in the knee
- Torn Ligament: tear in one of the four ligaments in the knee — the most commonly injured ligament is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
The most important point to be kept in mind is a contributory knee pain not allowing a patient to bear weight and walk comfortably, is a SILENT Disc Prolapse in the Lumbar Region. This can only be confirmed by Meticulous clinical examination of the patient and MRI of Lumbar Spine.
Factors that may make chronic knee pain worse:
- injuries to the structure of the knee
- sprains and strains
- Bad posture at work
- improperly stretching the muscles
A knee injury will be diagnosed by your doctor. They will do a history and physical examination to determine the type of injury, and they may also do an X-ray or an MRI.
The kind of treatment that you receive for your knee injury will be determined by which joint has been affected. The severity of your injury will also affect your treatment options. If the injury is severe, your treatment plan may take months to complete, but if it is a minor injury, your doctor may simply recommend that you take a week off work, so that the knee can rest.
Your treatment will either be surgical, non-surgical or a mixture of both. Your doctor will need to consider your circumstances, before suggesting treatment. For instance, if you are older, that may affect the injury, and some people are allergic to certain medications.
If the injury is severe, it is likely that physical therapy will be a part of your treatment. This can also reduce the risk of another knee injury in the future, as it will help to protect the joint cartilage from further damage.
If recurring knee pain is preventing you from doing what you once enjoyed doing, high time you consult a physician or get in touch with expert services from American Spine and Pain Centers.
The treatment options are Day Care and Under Local Anesthesia
- intraarticular OZONE
- intraarticular PRP
- COOLIEF Cooled Radio Frequency